In #18 above (reporting on his fstab)
Mauser wrote:sda1 is missing. sda3 which is an external backup drive and sda2 swap is there.
so it looks though his drive is messed up.
IMO he needs to get a live USB and use it to debug his system.
P.S. How can sda3 be an external drive? Typo for sdb(c)3?
good catch GG I missed that.
still, whatever is on sda1 doesn't *have* to be present in the fstab, although we should see a root / partition definition and a swap partition I think.
now that Mauser at least has a basic root Xfce session, perhaps creating a new user will allow him to post some info more easily.